What are the common problems in the use of lithium batteries?


With the rapid development of science and technology, t […]

With the rapid development of science and technology, the use range and function of lithium batteries have long been self-evident, but in our daily life, lithium battery accidents always emerge in endlessly, which always plague us. In view of this, Qianguo Electronics has specially organized Analysis of the causes of common lithium ion problems and solutions, I hope to provide you with convenience.
1. The voltage is inconsistent and some are low
1. Large self-discharge causes low voltage
  The self-discharge of the cell is large, so that its voltage drops faster than others. The low voltage can be eliminated by checking the voltage after storage.
2. Uneven charge causes low voltage
   When the battery is charged after testing, the battery cells are not evenly charged due to the inconsistent contact resistance or the charging current of the detection cabinet. The measured voltage difference is very small in short-term storage (12 hours), but the voltage difference is large in long-term storage. This low voltage has no quality problems and can be solved by charging. Stored for more than 24 hours after charging during production to measure the voltage.
Second, the internal resistance is too large
1. Differences in detection equipment caused
   If the detection accuracy is not enough or the contact group cannot be eliminated, the internal resistance of the display will be too large. The internal resistance should be tested by the principle of AC bridge method.
2. Storage time is too long
   Lithium batteries are stored for too long, resulting in excessive capacity loss, internal passivation, and large internal resistance, which can be solved by charging and discharging activation.
  3. Abnormal heating causes large internal resistance
  The battery is abnormally heated during processing (spot welding, ultrasonic, etc.), which causes the diaphragm to produce thermal closure, and the internal resistance is seriously increased.
Three, lithium battery expansion
1. Lithium battery swells when charging
   When charging a lithium alkaline dry battery, the lithium battery will naturally expand, but generally no more than 0.1mm, but overcharging will cause the electrolyte to decompose, increase the internal pressure, and expand the lithium battery.
2. Expansion during processing
   Generally, abnormal processing (such as short circuit, overheating, etc.) causes the electrolyte to decompose due to excessive heating, and the lithium battery swells.
  3. Expand while cycling
   When the battery is cycled, the thickness will increase with the increase in the number of cycles, but it will not increase after more than 50 cycles. Generally, the normal increase is 0.3~0.6 mm. The aluminum shell is more serious. This phenomenon is caused by normal battery reactions. However, if the thickness of the shell is increased or the internal materials are reduced, the expansion phenomenon can be appropriately reduced.